Implementing–part 3


This is a part of the series where about how I made the WebAPI2CLI - Execute ASP.NET Core WebAPI from Command Line
Source code on
1WebAPI2CLI - Description
2WebAPI2CLI- Organization
3WebAPI2CLI - implementing
4WebAPI2CLI - tests
5WebAPI2CLI - Devops and CI/CD
6WebAPI2CLI - documentation
7WebAPI2CLI - Conclusions
8WebAPI2CLI - Zip application

First implementation was just a bunch a code thrown in an API project. All self contained, all in one WebAPI project.

Some problems that I have faced:


1. The class that executes( the hosted service )  should have access to the address of the server . However, the class is injected at the moment of creating services – and at this time the IServerAddressesFeature do not exists yet.

Solution: Inject at useCLi the IApplicationBuilder to get the services and verify if the adresses are ok:

// in private async void DoWork(object state)

serverAddresses = app.ServerFeatures.Get<IServerAddressesFeature>();

if (serverAddresses == null)


2. But how to get the instance of the Hosted service  ? Simple,with Singletons:

// in public static IServiceCollection AddCLI(this IServiceCollection serviceCollection)


serviceCollection.AddHostedService<CLIAPIHostedService>(p => p.GetService<CLIAPIHostedService>());


and later on

//in public static IApplicationBuilder UseCLI(this IApplicationBuilder app)

var service = app.ApplicationServices.GetService<CLIAPIHostedService>(); = app;


3.  How to serialize the headers, url, parameters, body and others in a file  – as to pass easy json ?

The idea is that I wrote Json( for sending body data)  in a json file it will become faster complicated. So I was thinking : What other serialized formats I know ?

So I was attracted by YAML . And there is an implementation . You can find a sample file at

4. What to do with errors ?

For example, if some HTTP returns an error message , what can I do  ? The obvious idea is to return on the console the error too…

So I implemented this class to emulate answer

public class ReturnValue_v1
public ReturnValue_v1(HttpStatusCode statusCode):this(statusCode,null)

public ReturnValue_v1(HttpStatusCode statusCode,string result)
StatusCode = statusCode;
Result = result;
public ICLICommand Command { get; private set; }

public HttpStatusCode StatusCode { get; private set; }
public string Result { get; private set; }

public ReturnValue_v1 FromCommand(ICLICommand cmd)
this.Command = cmd;
return this;


to can return to the console the JSON of this object.

5. How to exit the application ?

This is simple –  Environment.Exit(0);

However , maybe could be a feature to exit if we encounter an error in calling the API ? And if you want to help,

6. How to figure the WebAPI endpoints ?

Simple – with IApiDescriptionGroupCollectionProvider

7. How to help the user to not change the port of adresses every time the .NET Core server change the adress ?

There are so many ways to configure the address of ASP .NET Core  – see . The CLI.txt file should work the same , no matter the port . So I decided to put just the beginning of the http and then find the right address ( and handle also the case with full URL)

In this file put just –
Host: http://


Host: https://

( Assumption : just one http and/or just 1 https when core will start )

WebAPI2CLI will find the adress and the port comparing

Alternatively, you can put the full URI ( without RelativeRequestUrl ! )

Host: http://localhost:5000/

8. How to make easier for the developer to integrate ?

Create extension – AddCLI and UseCLI .