Unanimous Consent Agreement In Senate
In Westminster parliaments, leaving the house or leaving the Senate is a concept similar to that of unanimous approval. If a member asks for leave to do something different from the rules, a single objection may prevail.   Two days later, Senator Allen again called for the Senate to informally agree to “set a certain day when the vote might take place.” 4 The Senate, he said, should simply refuse to postpone until there is a final vote. There was no action on Allen`s recommendation. However, on 13 April 1846 a consensus was reached among the senators for a final vote on the joint resolution three days later. Finally, on 16 April, after some 65 days of debate on the issue, the Senate adopted the joint resolution. While this is the first time that the Senate has unanimously adopted some kind of approval agreement to close the debate and precipitate a vote on a measure, there is little doubt that these agreements have been both more widely used and more nuanced in their procedural characteristics. With regard to ambiguity, there were two main issues. First, could these agreements be amended or amended by a new agreement unanimously? Second, could the presiding official enforce these agreements? Today, both principles are accepted as procedurally “given.” Not like that a few decades ago. Thus, on March 3, 1897, Senator George Hoar, R-MA, declared, “I think it is very serious to set a precedent in all circumstances to revoke unanimous approval by other unanimous approval agreements.” 10 One of the institutional leaders of the Senate, Henry Cabot Lodge, R-MA. also argued that “if the unanimous approval agreements are to be amended, we will soon not agree unanimously. I think nothing is more important than the rigidity with which the Senate maintains the approval agreements unanimously. 11 Or, as Senator Joseph O`Gorman, D-NY, stated: “Have they not established that a unanimous approval agreement cannot be affected or amended by another unanimous approval agreement, nor by a Senate ordinance? 12 Certainly, other senators have argued that these pacts could be changed by unanimous new approval.
The fundamental objective of Rule XII was to clarify several uncertainties related to these Senate contracts. In the early 1900s, the Senate took modest steps to reduce some of the confusion associated with unanimous approval agreements, such as requiring that these agreements be tabled in writing in the office, read in the House and “printed on the front page of the business calendar as long as they are effective.” However, more changes were to come. Two overlapping factors explain why the Senate has agreed to a formal rule change to frame these agreements. First, there have been some ambiguities related to these agreements, which continue to cause quarrels and confusion. Previous precedents have simply not adequately addressed these recurring problems. Second, a captivating event – a senator was taken by surprise when a unanimous approval agreement was reached – highlighted the need for a formal rule (Rule XII) to resolve issues related to these gentlemen`s agreements. A meeting could be postponed unanimously. If, at the end of a meeting, no one has more to say, the Chair simply declares the meeting postponed without a formal request or formal vote.
 Each invoice receives three readings [before adoption]; and the president [of the Senate] gives to everyone, whether it is the first, the second or the third; readings take place on three different days, unless the Senate unanimously orders otherwise. Senators accept the restrictions of debate and amendment common to most approval agreements unanimously, essentially for two overlapping reasons: they facilitate the handling of the Senate`s workload and serve the interests of the various legislators.