Framework Agreement Ang

c. Common Market and World Trade, provided that the power to conclude economic agreements already authorized by Republican Act 9054 is transferred to Bangsamoro, since the framework agreement on Bangsamoro is precisely this, a framework or framework that there is much to be done and that many obstacles must be overcome. Including the signing of the agreement itself, there are 15 steps until the creation of Bangsamoro, which will end with the formation of the Bangsamoro Legislative Assembly, all to be reached before the end of President Aquino`s term in 2016 – a very ambitious timetable. First, this framework agreement does not require the government to amend the Constitution. Second, the agreement was concluded in a transparent manner, as noted in its online publication prior to its signing. Third, the document does not mention any ancestral domains. Fourth, while the MOA-AD [2008] was written in such a way that the government could have acted without a referendum. This framework agreement [2012] is very clear when it requires a democratic mandate. First, the organic law that must be heard by the transition committee must be passed by Congress. Then the municipalities concerned must approve it by referendum. Assuming the law is passed and the referendum adopted, the MILF will have to obtain an elected mandate from the people.

The MNLF is also trying to establish its position, which states that the government should respect the 1996 VPA instead of entering into another agreement. MILF explained that the FAB uses the 1996 VPA as a starting point and does not deny it. At the moment, the MILF invites the MNLF to unite for Bangsamoro. As part of the agreement, The Islamic forces of Bangsamoro are deployed through a gradual process of dismantling “beyond use”. On 15 October, the Philippine government and the Moro Front for Islamic Liberation (MILF) signed a landmark agreement that hopes for the end of decades of armed conflict in the southern Philippines. The Framework Agreement on Bangsamoro (FAB) will eventually lead to the creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro (Bangsa is a word meaning “nation,” meaning “Moro Nation”). The International Contact Group on the Peace Process in the Southern Philippines[4] was tasked with helping the parties move towards the pioneering agreements, the framework agreement and, two years later, the comprehensive agreement on Bangsamoro, ending decades of conflict. Philippine Government Chief Negotiator Marvic Leonen and his counterpart Mohagher Iqbal of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front signed the agreement on October 15, 2012 at the Rizal Ceremonial Hall of the Malacaan Palace in Manila, Philippines. The agreement was sealed at about 15:00 PST. Malaysian presenter Ab Ghafar Mohamed, President Aquino, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Al Haj President Murad Ebrahim and Secretary General Ekmeleddin Hsano-lu of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation were present at the signing of the agreement. [3] It is an obligation for the government and the MILF to create a new autonomous political entity in muslim Mindanao. It will replace the ARMM with a more powerful and just system called Bangsamoro.

This agreement implies that the MILF abandons the goal of creating its own state and commits to finally making its armed forces “beyond use”. Despite the 1996 peace agreement with the MNLF, ARMM remains one of the poorest and least developed regions of the country. In 2009, the poverty rate in the region was 38.1%. All provinces in the region also exceeded the national poverty rate by 20.9%.